The Sovereigns of Hawai'i have great compassion for their people. They saw the need to secure the future for Hawaiians, and with their gracious gifts of their benevolent trusts, they accomplished securing homes for the elderly, hospitals and schools...some of the most important needs for the future of the Hawaiian race:
Lunalilo Home was established by the will of High Chief William Charles Lunalilo, who died in 1874 while he was king of the Hawaiian Islands. His estate included large landholdings on the five major islands, consisting of 33 ahupua‘a, nine ‘ili, and more than a dozen home lots. His will established a perpetual trust under the administration of three trustees to be appointed by the justices of the Hawaiian Supreme Court. King Lunalilo was the first of the large landholding ali‘i to create a charitable trust for the benefit of his people.
The purpose of the trust was to build a home to accommodate the poor, destitute, and infirmed people of Hawaiian (aboriginal) blood or extraction, with preference given to older people. The will charged the Trustees with selling all of the estate’s land to build and maintain the home.
The Queen's Hospital, now called The Queen's Medical
Center, Founded in 1859 by Queen Emma and King
Kamehameha IV. King Kamehameha IV's initial speech
to the legislature in 1854, voiced his desire to create a
hospital for the people of Hawaiʻi. At that time, the continued
existence of the Hawaiian race was seriously threatened by
the influx of disease brought to the islands by foreign
visitors. Queen Emma enthusiastically supported the dream of a hospital, and the two campaigned tirelessly to make it a reality. They personally went door-to-door soliciting the necessary funding. The royal couple exceeded their goal in just over a month, raising $13,530, the Legislature appropriated $6,000 for the fund. Six generations later, the Queen's Hospital still carries on the mission of King Kamehameha IV and his Queen Emma.
The Queen's Medical Center is located in downtown Honolulu, Hawaiʻi, a private, non-profit, acute medical care facility. It is the largest private hospital in Hawaiʻi, licensed to operate with 505 acute care beds and 28 sub-acute beds. The medical center has more than 3,000 employees and over 1,200 physicians on staff. As the leading medical referral center in the Pacific Basin, Queen's offers a comprehensive range of primary and specialized care services. Queen's is accredited by the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Health Care Organizations (JCAHO) and affiliated with VHA Inc., the national health care alliance. The medical center is also approved to participate in residency training by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education.
Kamehameha Schools is a private charitable educational trust endowed by the will of Hawaiian princess Bernice Pauahi Bishop (1831-1884), the great-granddaughter and last direct descendant of King Kamehameha I. During her lifetime, Princess Pauahi witnessed the rapid decline of the Hawaiian population. The princess knew that education would be key to the survival of her people, so in an enduring act of aloha, she left them a precious gift upon her passing - 375,000 acres of ancestral land. She instructed the trustees of her estate to use “the rest, residue and remainder of my estate” to educate her people. Today, her endowment supports an educational system that serves thousands of Hawaiian learners.
Charles Reed Bishop Trust
Princess Bernice Pauahi's husband, Charles Reed Bishop, left his trust to further establish the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum. A long-time pursuit of Charles as he intended it, the museum was created as a permanent memorial to his wife Pauahi. It was a place to safeguard Pauahi's collection of Hawaiian and Polynesian antiquities and to provide a repository for Hawaiian antiquities that were spread far and wide.
The beneficiaries of the Trust now consist of only eight (8) designated entities, which are: Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, Mauna‘ala (the Royal Mausoleum of Hawai‘i), Central Union Church, Kaumakapili Church, Kawaiahao Church, Kamehameha Schools, Mid-Pacific Institute and Lunalilo Trust. The primary beneficiaries are the museum and Mauna‘ala.
Charles Reed Bishop understood the significance of Mauna`ala. To maintain the dignity of this precious place is to honor the ruling families of Hawai‘i and their significant place in Hawaiian history.
Bishop met Bernice Pauahi Pākī at the Chiefs' Children's School where she was a student. They married in 1850 despite the opposition of Pauahi's parents who wanted her to marry Lot Kapu‘iwa (later, Kamehameha V). Their home, Haleakalā, became the "greatest centre of hospitality in Honolulu." They graciously hosted royalty, visiting dignitaries, friends and neighbors as well as
engaged in civic activities such as organizing aid to the sick and destitute and providing clothing for the poor.
The Bishops attended church regularly, enjoyed concerts and traveling. They were very compatible and greatly interested in each other's endeavors. Their only marital disappointment was not having children. Bishop's letters that mention Pauahi reveal a deep respect, love and affection for his wife.
She was the major source of his happiness throughout their 34–year marriage. Soon after her death in 1884 he wrote:
"I know you all loved her, for nobody could know her at all well and not love her. For myself I will only say that I am trying to bear my loss and my loneliness as reasonably as I can looking forward hopefully to the time when I shall find my loved one again."
In 1890, in response to an unusually high infant mortality rate in Hawaii, Queen Kapiolani founded the Kapiolani Maternity Home to care for Hawaii’s mothers and babies. The hospital later merged with Kauikeolani Children’s Hospital in 1978 to become Kapiolani. The legacy of care that began more than a century ago continues today, as Kapiolani remains dedicated to providing Hawaii’s families with the very best medical care available.
Kapiolani is a nationally recognized, not-for-profit hospital and is widely known as Hawaii’s leader in the care of women, infants and children. With more than 1,500 employees and 630 physicians, Kapiolani is fully accredited by The Joint Commission, an independent nonprofit organization that certifies health care organizations and programs in the United States.
Lili`uokalani trust is a privately operated
foundation founded in 1909, for the benefit of orphan and
destitute children with preference given to Native Hawaiian
children. The trust serves approximately 10,000 children
annually through direct services and reaches thousands
more through collaborations with community partners.
Queen Lydia Lili‘u Loloku Wewehi Kamaka‘eha, sister of King Kalakaua and hanai sister of Princess Pauahi, was a self-described scholarly girl with a deep love for books and learning.
She went on to become an extraordinary musician, composing a remarkable 150 songs including the famed “Aloha ‘Oe.” Young Lili‘u was also shaped by the profound grief and suffering she witnessed in the aftermath of a measles epidemic that decimated Hawaiian families, taking over 10,000 lives
The childless Queen had inherited ancestral lands from her mother, Keohokālole, and it was with these lands that she established the Queen Lili‘uokalani Trust. This Ali‘i Trust, her enduring legacy to Hawai‘i’s people, is dedicated to the well being of the least fortunate Hawaiian keiki (children). It came as no surprise to those who knew her when the Queen singled out orphan and destitute Hawaiian children as the primary beneficiaries of her estate.
The Queen believed in the advantages of education, that it could transform her people. When Queen Lili‘uokalani executed her Deed of Trust, she set in motion a legacy to improve the welfare of her beneficiaries in perpetuity.