Lota Kapuāiwa Kalanimakua Aliʻiōlani Kalanikupuapaʻīkalaninui was named after his great grandfather Kalanikupuapaʻīkalaninui Keōua.
The son of Princess Kinaʻu
(daughter of Kamehameha I) & High Chief
Mataio Kekūanāoʻa. King Kamehameha V was born on December 11, 1830 and at a young age was officially claimed eligible to the throne by his uncle, His Majesty King Kamehameha III.
H.R.H. Prince Lot ascended the throne from his younger brother, King Kamehameha IV on November 30, 1863, taking on the title of Kamehameha V. He was known as the bachelor king, and loved to ride on his horse. The king did not believe in rude drunkeness and defeated a proposal to allow the sale of alcohol in the islands.
"I will never sign the death warrant of my people"
King Kamehameha V reigned for 9 years before illness took to him. On his death bed, he summoned Princess Bernice Pauahi Bishop to become Queen, but she declined, the king also asked Princess Elizabeth Kekaʻaniau, but she also declined at the time. Other names were offered such as Dowager Queen Emma, but the king died a short time after without naming an heir or successor on December 11, 1872, his 42nd birthday.
This enabled the Constitutional law to elect one of the 16 royal house members of the highest rank who were eligible to rule and was groomed at the Chiefs Children's School. The election was largely won in 1873 by High Chief Prince William Lunalilo from the House of Keōua nui, grandson of Kalaimamahu, a brother of King Kamehameha the Great.