Jonah Kuhio, Kalaniana'ole was born on the island of Kauai on March 26th, 1872. His parents were David Kahalepouli Pi'ikoi and Esther Kino'iki Kekaulike. Esther was the sister of Queen Consort Kapiolani, King Kalakaua's wife. She also had two other children who were Edward Keli'iahonui (who died in his teens) and David Kawananakoa. King David Kalakaua became very fond of the brothers and conferred the titles of prince to them.
Jonah was named after his grandfather, Kuhio Kalaniana'ole, who was a High Chief of Hilo. He was educated at private schools in California and attended a business school in England. He married Chiefess Elizabeth Kahanu Ka'auwai but never had any children.
Prince Jonah Kuhio Kalaniana`ole
In 1903, Kuhio organized the Kamehameha Lodge civic club, called the Order of Kamehameha I. He was a member of the dynastic Royal Order of Kamehameha I of the Hawaiian Kingdom which he was conferred during Kalakaua's reign. The order today is not that of a dynastic order, but stems from the civic order created by Prince Kuhio.
In 1903, Kuhio became Hawaii's second U.S. Delegate to Congress, when he defeated the Honorable Robert Kalanihiapo Wilcox who was the first elected. In 1919, Kuhio introduced in Congress the Hawaii Statehood Act and later the Hawaiian Homes Commission Act of 1921 which was signed by President Warren G. Harding. Despite Kuhio's wishes, the act contained high blood-quantum requirements. Today, the act provides for the rehabilitation of the native Hawaiian people through a government-sponsored homesteading program of ceded lands. Under the act, native Hawaiians are defined as individuals having at least 50 percent Hawaiian blood. Pursuant to provisions of the HHCA, the Department provides direct benefits to native Hawaiians in the form of 99 year homestead leases at an annual rental of $1.
Prince Kuhio passed away on January 7, 1922,
To commemorate Kuhio, the State of Hawaii instituted a Prince Kuhio Day holiday on March 26th.