His Majesty King William Charles Lunalilo was born on January 31, 1835. His mother was High Chiefess Miriam Auhea Kekauluohi. He was officially claimed eligible to the throne by order of Kamehameha III and was sent to be groomed to rule at the Chiefs Children's School. He was elected King on January 7, 1873 after the passing of King Kamehameha V and installed the next day on January 8.
He was a direct descendant of the younger brother of Kamehameha I, Prince Kalaimamahu.
Unfortunately, the king died a little over a year on February 3, 1874, he did not name a successor to the throne which enabled another election for a sovereign. The High Chief David Kalakaua was elected by the legislature and he became King on February 7, 1874.
Lunalilo left his vast estate to care for the elderly Hawaiians, known as Lunalilo Homes.