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H.M. King Kamehameha I

 From the House of Keōua Nui, Paiʻea Kalaninui Kamehameha, became the most noted warrior and eventually conqueror of the whole Hawaiian archipelago, he was born at Kohala on the big island of Hawaiʻi and was the second son of Keōua Kalanikupuapaʻikalaninui by his second wife, she being his cousin Kekuʻiapoiwa, by lineage and blood, both paternally and maternally, Kamehameha was considered one of the highest of the high. From his infancy, Kamehameha always showed signs of bravery and a great desire for athletic contests, spear-wielding, ulu maika and other magnificent exercises of that period. He inherited the akua (god) Kūkaʻilimoku from his favorite uncle, the ruler, Kalaniopuʻu, brother of Keōua-nui. The significance of the name of the idol god bequeathed to him, "Kūkaʻilimoku" , the word itself meaning "I Conquer".


Kamehameha was already the conqueror of Hawai`i, as well as Maui, Kahoʻolawe, Lanaʻi and Molokaʻi. He moved across to Oʻahu and set at Waikiki and Waialae. In 1795, Kamehameha drove the warriors of Oʻahu's King Kalanikupule, up to Nuʻuanu valley as they plunged to their deaths over the Pali, eventually conquering Oahu.  Kauai and Niʻihau was never conquered by Kamehameha and was a sovereign kingdom under King Kaumualiʻi. However, King Kaumualiʻi placed his islands under the sovereignty of Kamehameha, uniting the islands with the Kingdom being established under the rule of Kamehameha I in 1810. 


Kamehameha Died on May 8, 1819 on the island of Hawaii, His son, Liholiho ascended the throne under the title of

Kamehameha II.

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